Throughout my career, I have met people of different backgrounds. Some people have doctorates, others have been working for fifth-teen years and some people are just entering the job market. It was not until I applied for my friend's former position, that I realized some people use a curriculum vitae (CV) instead of a resume. I decided to investigate this methodology further by asking my HR and recruiter friends.
A survey was developed using Google docs and participants were obtained via LinkedIn and LinkedIn. In total, 12 participants completed the survey. Of these participants, 4 of them were human resources professionals, 4 worked in the recruitment industry, 3 were company owners and 1 person identified themselves as other. All participants were asked to rank a collection of statements based on a 5-point likert scale of agreement (1 = disagree and 5 = agree). Below are the following statements that were assessed:
- A resume should only be one page.
- A curriculum vitae works just as well as a resume.
- A curriculum vitae is best suitable for a PhD or PhD ABD.
- An individual with a graduate degree can have a resume that is more than one page.
- A resume can be more than one page if a candidate has enough job experience.
- A curriculum vitae is only applicable for jobs in academics.
- A curriculum vitae is only applicable for jobs in research.
- Bachelor graduates should not use a curriculum vitae.
- A resume is far more effective than a curriculum vitae.
- Recent graduates should apply for jobs with a curriculum vitae.
|Figure 1: A resume should only be one page|
Items 2,3 and 6-10 focused on the usage of a CV instead of a resume. As expected, most participants agreed that a CV is best for candidates with a PhD, at least according to 10 participants. It was expected that CVs would be preferred for academic or research jobs but there was no consistent pattern between participants. Please refer to figure 2 and 3 for a representation of these results. Surprisingly, no one completely agreed with statements 6 and 7. The usage of the word "only" in these statements may have impacted the results.
|Figure 2: A CV is only applicable for jobs in academics |
|Figure 3: A CV is only applicable for jobs in research|
The only exception to that rule is if an individual utilizes a CV. CVs are generally longer in length. Using a CV instead of a resume appears to be personal preference and hiring managers have their preference as well. When participants were asked if they prefer a CV or a resume, most of them responded that it varied on the market and the job. Therefore, job applicants should conduct research to determine if a resume or CV would be more suitable.
|Figure 4: A CV is only applicable for jobs in academics|
Thank you for all those who have participated!